Skip to Main Content

Underground Newspaper Collection: 1960s Counterculture: What is the UPS Underground Newspaper Collection?

This is a guide to the Underground Press Syndicate's (UPS) Underground Newspaper Collection on microfilm. This collection includes over hundreds of 1960's counterculture newspapers.


What is the Underground Newspaper Collection?

“Drop out! Modern civilization is a dangerous, insane process- destructive of man’s natural potential, murderous to other species of life, symbol addicted, anti-life, Drop out of the social game.” ~Timothy Leary

What is the Collection?

The Underground Press Syndicate (UPS) Underground Newspaper Collection is a sure treasure trove for those interested in sixties & seventies counterculture. From the AA Commune to Zig Zag, this collection of over 500 small, alternative press magazines, newsletters, and bulletins centers on topics such as Vietnam War protests, hippies, vegetarianism, alternative “drop out” lifestyles, music, and civil rights. Some of the publications are well-known such as Mother Earth News (volumes 1-24) to lesser known publications such as the Santa Cruz Free Spaghetti Dinner (say what?). Civil rights and revolutionary newsletters include the Black Panther. Some student newspapers (The Huntsville Exponent) are a part of this collection.

Journals, such as The San Francisco Oracle, capture the essence of  sixties counterculture with beautiful and original artwork, poetry, and essays. Many of these publications had small lifespans. A random ‘Google search” for different titles reveals that some publications have completely disappeared, not even leaving a trace in that digital heap of just about everything (the Internet). Luckily, for those interested in sixties and seventies counterculture, music, and civil rights, many academic libraries house the Underground Newspaper Microfilm Collection. This collection might also provide unique primary resources for students and faculty working in sociology, history, literature, music, drama, and art.

The University of Minnesota Library describes the collection as “a microfilm set reprinting the full text of thousands of issues from hundreds of alternative / underground newspapers of the period 1963-1985. Most are from the US or Canada and the great majority (but not all) are in English. The basic set consists of 476 microfilm reels of newspapers compiled by the Alternative Press Syndicate and microfilmed by Bell & Howell in the mid-1980s.”

Where is the Collection Located?

The Underground Newspaper Collection is located with the 2nd floor microfilm; call number Z6944.U5U53X. Although there is not an index to the individual newspapers, use the Underground Newspaper Microfilm Collection Table of Contents to look up a publication (in alphabetical order). This book indicates microfilm reel numbers for locating specific newsletters. Microfilm can be viewed on the 2nd floor microfilm machines and printed out. Print outs are 15 cents per page.

Underground Newspaper Display

Explore the Underground!

History of the Collection

To learn more about the history of the Underground Press Syndicate (UPS) Underground Newspaper Collection, please read my essay "Occupy the OccuPAST: Echoes of Dissidence in the Underground Newspaper Collection.

History of The Rag!

Rag Mama Rag: The Rag & Its Digital Rebirth

By Thorne Dreyer | Editor, The Rag Blog

"The Great Speckled Bird"

Examples of Underground Counterculture Newspapers

See this Wikipedia article "Underground Press" which lists many of the underground counterculture newspapers which are available in the UPS Underground Newspaper Collection.

Newspaper Contest

Library Tutorials/Helpful Videos

2019 Honors Class on the Underground Press

Find Journal(s)

Search for Journal Title
Limit Your Results

Library Catalog Basic Search


It Ain't Me Babe (Women's Liberation Newspaper)

Education Librarian/ Associate Professor

Profile Photo
Laurie Heathcock
5th Floor
Houston Cole Library
Jacksonville State University
700 Pelham Rd N
Jacksonville, AL 36265