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NU 708: Evidence-Based Practice & Quality Improvement: Clinical Question/PICOT

Guide to resources of use to students in NU 708

PICOT Searching

Steps in the Evidence-Based Practice Process
0. Cultivate a spirit of inquiry
1. Ask the burning clinical question in PICOT format
3. Critically appraise the evidence
4. Integrate best evidence with clinical expertise, patient preference and values
5. Evaluate outcomes of practice decision or change based on evidence
6. Disseminate the outcome or change

PICOT: Answerable, Searchable Question

Patient population of interest

Intervention of interest

Comparison of interest

Outcome of interest

Time (Sometimes used)

For example:

For hospitalized patients, are usual oral health measures OR bundling more effective in reducing the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia?


This question in PICOT format
Patient  Hospitalized Patient
Intervention Usual oral care
Comparison Bundling
Outcome Reduce VAP cases
Time Not Used
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice. Philadelphia, PA : Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice. p. 10. Philadelphia, PA : Wolters Kluwer, [2015]..

Asking a Clinical Question

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