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Therapeutic Modalities: Sample Searches & Key Words

Sample Search: Assignment 1

Sample Searches for Assignment 1
IMPORTANT: You need ORIGINAL RESEARCH articles with a METHODS section! If you are using CINAHL,limit your search (SEARCH OPTIONS under the search boxes) to "RESEARCH" under  "PUBLICATION TYPE."  

Searching: CINAHL Plus with Full Text Choose Databases


Sample Search: Assignment 2

Research on Individual Modalities 

Searching: CINAHL Plus with Full Text Choose Databases



Sample Search: Assignment 3

Assignment 3: Use of a therapeutic modality as an intervention for a specific type of injury
Research Question: The Effectiveness of electrotherapy on tendinitis 

Searching: CINAHL Plus with Full Text Choose Databases



Injury Process

Injury Process
Injury Response Cycle
Primary injury 
Secondary Injury

1. Acute Inflammatory Response

  • Acute
  • Subacute
  • Chronic
  • Hemmhorage 
  • Coagulation 

2. Proliferation Phase

  • Reparative 
  • Repair 
  • Regeneration
  • Revascularization
  • Wound Contraction
  • ​Wound Remodelling 

3. Maturation Phase
Strength training 

Terms from: Therapeutic Modalities by Chad Starkey 

Key Words

A successful search in the databases rests on what keywords you use. As you go about your research, pay attention to terminology. Keep a log of terms you use. These terms are just suggestions if you get stuck and are not comprehensive. Start with notes from your course and terms listed in your textbooks. This is a trial & error process! 


Cold & Superficial Heating
Ice Bags
Cold Packs
Cold Compression Therapy
Ice Massage
Ice Immersion
Heat Packs
Paraffin Bath

Deep Heating
Ultrasonic Energy
Shortwave Diathermy

Electrical Stimulation
Body Circuit
Clinical Electric Stimulation
High-voltage Pulsed Stimulation
Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
inferential Stimulation
Microcurrent Electrical Stimulation

Mechanical & Light Modalities
Intermittent Compression
Continuous Passive Motion
Cervical & Lumbar Traction
Spine Traction
Therapeutic Massage
Massage Strokes
Neuromuscular Techniques
Myofacial Release
Instrument-Assisted Soft-Tissue Mobilization
Electromyographic Feedback
Biophysical Process

Low Level Laser Therapy

Terms from: Therapeutic Modalities by Chad Starkey 


Communication Styles
Therapist/ Patient Communication
Effective communication
Patient Anxiety
Patient Fear
Therapist/ Patient  Relationship
Verbal Skills
Asking Questions/ Questioning
Active listening 
Non- Verbal Communication
Managing conflict
Electronic Communication
Cultural Competence
Effective CommunicationPatient/ Client
Patient Satisfaction
Patient Frustration

From: Making a Connection by the College of Physical Therapists of British Columbia